By: Meghan Harrogate

Real estate agreements are legally binding contracts that outline the rights and obligations of parties involved in property transactions. While these agreements are meant to provide a clear roadmap for smooth transactions, breaches can still occur, leading to disputes and legal challenges. In this blog post, we’ll delve into breaches of real estate agreements, examine common scenarios, and provide guidance on how to address and prevent these issues.

1. Understanding Breaches of Real Estate Agreements: A breach of a real estate agreement occurs when one party fails to fulfill their obligations as outlined in the contract, known as the Agreement of Purchase and Sale. This could involve buyers failing to make timely payments, sellers not delivering the property in the promised condition, or either party not adhering to specific terms of the agreement.

2. Examples of Breaches: There are a number of ways in which a breach of a real estate agreement might occur. Some common examples include failing to secure financing for the property, failing to complete the legal documentation to close the transaction, failing to pay funds in a timely manner, or failing to pay funds at all, acting in bad faith, or backing out of a transaction without reason (i.e. after waiver of conditions).

3. Remedies for Breach: When a breach occurs, the non-breaching party has several options for seeking a remedy. These can include seeking specific performance (forcing the breaching party to fulfill their obligations), pursuing monetary damages, or canceling the contract altogether. The appropriate remedy depends on the nature and severity of the breach.

4. Preventing Breaches: Preventing breaches starts with clear and comprehensive agreements. Real estate agreements should explicitly outline the responsibilities of both buyers and sellers and include contingencies that address potential issues. Working with legal professionals during the drafting and negotiation stages can help parties anticipate and address possible breaches.

5. Legal Recourse and Litigation: When resolution attempts fail, pursuing legal action might become necessary. Litigation involves presenting the case in court, and a judge decides the outcome. However, litigation can be time-consuming and costly, so it’s often considered a last resort.

6. Seeking Legal Counsel: Navigating breaches of real estate agreements requires a solid understanding of contract law and real estate regulations. Consulting with an experienced real estate and litigation lawyer is essential when breaches occur or when drafting agreements to ensure they are legally sound and offer appropriate protections.

Breach of a real estate agreement can lead to significant stress and financial losses for both buyers and sellers. However, with proper preparation, clear communication, and the assistance of legal professionals, parties can mitigate their risks and take appropriate action if they do occur. The key is to approach real estate transactions with diligence, transparency, and a commitment to upholding contractual obligations, ensuring that both parties can achieve their goals in a fair and equitable manner.

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